HTML Basics

HTML, which stands for HyperText Markup Language, is the backbone of the internet. It is the language used to create web pages, and it provides the structure and content of those pages. In this comprehensive guide, we will cover everything you need to know about HTML, from its basic syntax to its most advanced features.

What is HTML?

HTML is a markup language that is used to create web pages. It consists of a series of tags and attributes that describe the content of a web page. When a web browser reads an HTML document, it uses the tags and attributes to determine how to display the content of the page.

Basic HTML Syntax

HTML documents are made up of elements, which are enclosed in tags. Tags are used to tell the browser how to display the content of the page. Here is an example of a basic HTML document:

1<!DOCTYPE html> 2<html> 3 <head> 4 <title>My Web Page</title> 5 </head> 6 <body> 7 <h1>Welcome to my web page</h1> 8 <p>This is some sample text.</p> 9 </body> 10</html>

This HTML document contains several elements, including the DOCTYPE, html, head, title, body, h1, and p elements. Each element has a specific purpose, and the tags used to enclose them determine how they are displayed on the web page.

HTML Attributes

HTML elements can also have attributes, which provide additional information about the element. For example, the img element is used to display images on a web page, and it has several attributes, including src, alt, and width. Here is an example of how the img element is used:

1<img src="myimage.jpg" alt="My Image" width="500">

In this example, the src attribute specifies the location of the image file, the alt attribute provides alternative text for the image (which is displayed if the image cannot be loaded), and the width attribute specifies the width of the image in pixels.

Advanced HTML Features

HTML also includes several advanced features, such as forms, tables, and multimedia content. Forms are used to collect user input on a web page, and they can include various input types, such as text boxes, checkboxes, and radio buttons. Tables are used to display tabular data, and they can include features such as sorting and filtering. Multimedia content, such as audio and video, can be embedded in HTML documents using the audio and video elements.