HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the backbone of the World Wide Web. It is used to structure the content of a web page, providing a basic framework for the presentation of text, images, and other media. HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages, defining the structure and layout of the content. In this article, we will explore some of the most common HTML elements and their uses.
1<!DOCTYPE html> 2<html> 3 <head> 4 <title>Example HTML Page</title> 5 </head> 6 <body> 7 <h1>Welcome to My Example Page</h1> 8 <p>Example paragraph.</p> 9 <img src="example-image.jpg" alt="An example image"> 10 <ul> 11 <li>List item 1</li> 12 <li>List item 2</li> 13 <li>List item 3</li> 14 </ul> 15 <a href="https://www.programdoc.com">Click here to visit programdoc.com</a> 16 </body> 17</html>
<!DOCTYPE html> tag
<!DOCTYPE html> tag is used to declare the document type and version of an HTML document. It is the very first line of an HTML document and it informs the web browser which version of HTML the page is using, which in turn helps the browser render the page correctly.
<!DOCTYPE html> tag is an HTML5 document type declaration, which is used to indicate that the page is using the latest version of HTML. The
DOCTYPE declaration is not an HTML tag, but rather an instruction to the web browser about what version of HTML the page is using.
It is important to include this declaration at the beginning of every HTML document, as different versions of HTML may have different rules and standards that the web browser needs to follow to correctly display the page. By including the
<!DOCTYPE html> declaration, you are ensuring that your page is using the most up-to-date version of HTML and that the web browser will render the page correctly.
<html> tag is used to define the beginning and end of an HTML document. All other elements in the document are contained within the
<html> tag is usually the second line of an HTML document, following the
<!DOCTYPE html> declaration. The closing
</html> tag is at the end of the document.
1<!DOCTYPE html> 2<html> 3 <head> 4 <title>My Website</title> 5 </head> 6 <body> 7 <h1>Welcome to my website!</h1> 8 <p>This is my website, and I'm so glad you're here.</p> 9 </body> 10</html>
In this example, the
<html> tags contain the entire HTML document. Inside the
<html> tags, there are two main sections: the
<head> section and the
<body> section. The
<head> section contains information about the document, such as the title of the page, while the
<body> section contains the content of the page itself, including headings, paragraphs, images, and other elements.
<html> tag is a required element in every HTML document, and it is important to ensure that all other elements are contained within it.
<body> tag is an HTML element that represents the content of an HTML document visible to the user. The content inside the
<body> tag is what appears in the main part of the web page, such as text, images, videos, and other elements.
When you write HTML code, the
<body> tag is where you place most of your content. This includes text, images, links, videos, forms, and other types of content. It is recommended that you organize the content inside the
<body> tag using headings, paragraphs, lists, and other structural elements to improve the readability and accessibility of the web page.
Here's an example of a basic HTML structure with a
1<!DOCTYPE html> 2<html> 3 <head> 4 <title>My Web Page</title> 5 </head> 6 <body> 7 <h1>Welcome to my web page!</h1> 8 <p>This is a paragraph of text.</p> 9 <img src="image.jpg" alt="An image"> 10 </body> 11</html>
In this example, the content inside the
<body> tag includes a heading (
<h1>), a paragraph (
<p>), and an image (
<img>). When you view this code in a web browser, the content inside the
<body> tag is what will be displayed on the page.
<h1> element is used to define the main heading of a web page. It is typically used once per page and should contain the most important keyword of the page. Here's an example:
1<h1>Welcome to Our Website</h1>
<p> element is used to define a paragraph of text on a web page. It is the most common element used for organizing textual content. Here's an example:
<img> element is used to embed an image in a web page. It is a self-closing tag that requires a
src attribute to specify the image location. Here's an example:
1<img src="images/logo.png" alt="Company Logo">
<a> element is used to create a hyperlink on a web page. It requires an
href attribute to specify the destination URL. Here's an example:
1<a href="https://www.programdoc.com">Visit our website</a>
<li> elements are used to create an unordered list on a web page. The
<ul> element defines the list, while the
<li> element defines each item in the list. Here's an example:
1<ul> 2 <li>Item 1</li> 3 <li>Item 2</li> 4 <li>Item 3</li> 5</ul>
<table> element is used to create a table on a web page. The
<th> element defines the table header and the
<td> element defines each cell in the table. Here's an example:
1<table> 2 <tr> 3 <th>Name</th> 4 <th>Age</th> 5 <th>Occupation</th> 6 </tr> 7 <tr> 8 <td>William Doe</td> 9 <td>32</td> 10 <td>Engineer</td> 11 </tr> 12 <tr> 13 <td>Jane Smith</td> 14 <td>27</td> 15 <td>Designer</td> 16 </tr> 17</table>